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Season 10 - Episode 7

Plural Verbs

10 min - Tutorial
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Anuradha, with the help of Kira, Alana, and Nicole, explains how plural verbs get conjugated in Sanskrit.
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Jun 17, 2016
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Namaste, namaste. As you see, we've attracted a crowd. It's been so much fun doing these verbs. Every verb tells us who is doing it, how many are doing it and when they are doing it. Thus far, we saw the third person and the you formal in the singular. Then we had Alana and Nicole in the dual demonstrate them for us. And now we have a very beautiful Kira with us. So Kira, great to have you here together with the others. And let's see what when three beautiful women perform an action, what it sounds like. I bet it will stick well in your head when you see them do it. Alright, so here we go. When one person goes, it is gachati. Two of them going was gachata. When three of them go, it is gachanti. The tip in there is you get the sound of the numbers. Gachanti, the numbers. When one person goes, it is gachati. When all three of them go, it becomes gachanti. Lovely. So when one person is doing an action and you're wondering what it is, the question is kimkaroti. When many of them are doing the action and you're wondering, it would be kimkurvanti. You hear the nati which is common, kurvanti. Lovely. Agachanti. You can walk in any way. The verb ending doesn't change. Alright, so agachanti. Now eat. Kadati in the singular becomes kadanti. Very nice. Again, you can share the meal, eat with each other, any combination. Still kadanti. Drink. Drink together. Pibanti. Pibanti. Say that. Very nice. Talk to each other. They speak. Vadanti. When many women get together, that's not hard to do. Vadanti. Vadanti. Very good. Now some serious stuff, ladies. You go to write. Get on to some studies. Likanti. Likanti.

Very nice. Some reading to accompany the writing. Patanti. Patanti. Say that. Very nice. Now, alana upavishati. Sits. The two of them are sitting. Upavishata. The three of them are sitting. Upavishanti. Upavishanti. Say that. Very nice. Make them stand up. So Nicole, one more time. So Nicole, uttishtati. Two of them, uttishtataha. And all of them, uttishtanti. Great. Feel the power as you rise and as they rise. Uttishtanti. Fantastic. And now fun time again. So they go to play something for us. One person playing, kridatthi. Two people playing. The two of them playing. Kridatthaha. Everybody playing is kridantthi. I'll stop the ball. All right. So everybody together it becomes kridantthi. Now the plural works for not just three people, but any number more than two. So you have the singular, the dual and the many. I'll just revise the pronouns for you on this one. So for the plural of the masculine, third person, it is te gachanti. For the feminine, it is ta ha gachanti. For the neuter, it is tani gachanti. And when we are talking of the you in the formal, so when there are two or when there are many men who are doing an action, you want to formally say it. It's bhavantaha gachanti. And when many ladies are doing it, I would say bhavatya gachanti. Great. We'll do a nice recap for you on that one. I'll give you the singular and we'll have the ladies demonstrate the plural. And I want you to say what the plural is. A hint before we start, gachanti becomes gachanti. Agachati? Got it. Now let's see them demonstrate that. Gachati? Lovely. Gachanti? Did you say that? Agachati? Lovely. Agachanti? Interesting. They eat khadati, khadanti. Lovely. Drink. One person drinks pi bhati, pi bhati.

Speak. Vadati becomes vadanti. Super. Writes. Likati. Likanti. Lovely. Reads. Patati. Patanti. Lovely. Sit. Upavishanti. They sit. Lovely. Upavishanti stands uttishtati. Uttishtanti. And then to end with the game, plays. Kri dhati. I'm in, I'm in, I'm in. Kri dhati. Oh, it's a lot of fun this one. So play with Sanskrit, play with these verbs and I would also suggest one more thing. That when we've done the show, we've done them very slowly. Gachati. But it need not always be in slow motion. Play with it. Say, gachati, gachanti, khadati, khadati. Eat slowly. Let the food digest and everybody can eat together. Khadanti. Dhanyavada. Two on Sanskrit. It will get well digested. Thank you very much.

Comments

Kate M
1 person likes this.
Party time at the studio!
Anuradha Choudry
Yess !! it was such fun doing this shoot. Hope you enjoyed it as much as we did presenting it 😊

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