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Season 9 - Episode 11

Pronoun Feminine Chart

15 min - Tutorial
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Anuradha looks at the devanagari script chart of Feminine third person pronouns in the singular, dual, and plural forms.
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Apr 29, 2016
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Swagatam, I hope you've spent a lot of last week practicing with the pronouns in the masculine. We saw the singular, dual, and plural, and especially when this pronoun form represented the dual. All right, so he does something, so saha is the pronoun for that. And like I told you, you needed to just remember one sample of it. So we had saha in the singular, tau in the dual, te in the plural.

For the nouns, we looked at the word na-raha or man. So na-raha in the singular, na-rao in the dual, and in the plural na-ra-ha, great. So we'll move on to the next gender, the feminine gender, and see how the pronoun transforms itself a little bit. And then also to see how the feminine word or the feminine noun form undergoes changes through the singular, the dual, and the plural. So with Sanskrit, you need to really start making this matrix in your head, right?

Remember that there is the singular, the dual, and the plural. Everything gets classified in this. Then we have pronouns, we have the nouns, and we'll have the verbs, which we'll see later on. Right now, we are looking at the feminine gender. We have the masculine, the feminine, and the neuter.

So these are the different categories that you need to work your head around a little bit. The more you start seeing it though, the clearer it will become. All right. So without holding you much further on that, let's look at the way the feminine pronouns are changed. So we have the first or the singular case, which is the eka vachanam, one case, the singular, the dual, duhi vachanam, and the plural, bahu vachanam.

In the singular, we already had a beautiful model, and then we did it with objects. We saw that when you had a question about a feminine thing, you would say ka, ka alana, when she was far, sa alana. And if she was near, esha alana. This is how it looks like. So ka, we've replaced alana, which is a proper noun, with the Sanskrit word for lady, mahi laa.

So mahi laa is the root form as well of this word. So ka mahi laa, sa mahi laa, that lady. This lady, esha mahi laa, say that, esha mahi laa. Another small tip for you is that observe it once written, then close your eyes and just say the sounds again. And start becoming familiar also with the sound pattern of that word or that form.

So which woman, ka mahi laa, that woman, sa mahi laa, this woman, esha mahi laa, fantastic. We look at the word chhatra, chhatra, so chhatraha was the man. If it's a lady, it'll become chhatraha, very good. So ka chhatraha, which student, sa chhatraha, that student, this student, lady student, mind you, there is that precision there. So ka chhatraha, lady student, esha chhatraha, so we have it there.

Another word ending with aa, so we'll stick to the aa ending words first and then we'll do a revision with the words ending with ee. So for the word with aa, when we talk of two women, the dweevachanam or the dual of two women is mahi laa. So mahi laa becomes mahi laa. So this is where you would need to start memorizing a little bit. But you just need to memorize patterns.

If you get patterns, Sanskrit will be relatively easy, alright. So mahi laa, two women, mahi laa. So the question, which two women would also transform itself into kahi mahi laa. So when it was a single woman, it was ka mahi laa. When we're talking of which two women, it would be kahi mahi laa, ka that kahi mahi laa.

And now if you had to just do the rhyming game, remember those two ladies. So k would become te mahi laa, te mahi laa. These two women, ee te mahi laa, ee te mahi laa. Now let's do it with our exercise. So we have the lady student chhatra, two of them would be chhatre, excellent, chhatre.

Now let's do a revision with the pronouns, which two students, lady students, ke chhatre in the transliteration as well. Those two lady students, te chhatre, these two lady students, ee te chhatre, great. So remember te in the feminine, the singular is aa, saa, ka, ee sha. For the dual it is ke, te, ee te. We next move on to the plural or the bahuvachanam.

So in the bahuvachanam, the word mahi laa acts like the masculine. We had the na raha becoming na raha or you have lady becoming ladies. Similarly in the feminine aa ending words, you get mahi laa becoming mahi laa, mahi laa, say that mahi laa, mahi laa. If I told you chhatra, it would be chhatra ha. If I told you a word, the mala, it would be mala ha, very good.

So going on to the pronouns, the question which ladies, ka ha, mahi laa, ka ha, mahi laa ha, those ladies, ta ha, mahi laa ha. So here we are lucky that there is a rhyming that goes on there. So ta ha, mahi laa ha. For the far and for the near, ee ta ha, mahi laa ha, ee ta ha, mahi laa ha, fantastic. Taking the exercise of chhatra, we will get, ka ha, very nice, chhatra ha, ka ha, chhatra ha, those students, ladies, ta ha, chhatra ha.

These ladies students, ee ta ha, chhatra ha, fantastic. What you need to remember here in order to start understanding how these words form themselves in the singular dual and plural is when you have a feminine word ending with aa, in the singular it is mahi laa. And this is the singular when it is doing things, mahi laa. Two ladies doing things, mahi laa, got that, mahi laa. Many ladies doing things, mahi laa ha.

So close your eyes and just listen to it as I say it, mahi laa, mahi laa, mahi laa ha. Got that? Say it once with me, mahi laa, mahi laa, mahi laa ha. And again I encourage you to use your body. So really it's about embodying this language as well.

So when you say mahi laa, show one finger, so show one. So the system registers it that way, mahi laa, mahi laa, mahi laa ha. Many of them, got it? Let's have a look at the pronouns. The pronoun in the feminine singular for who is ka, tu, which tu, ke, which many, many of them, ka ha.

Close your eyes, ka, ke, ka ha, great. Say it once with me now, with your finger, ka, ke, ka ha, lovely. We'll do that with that woman, those two women, and many. But we'll not use the word women here, we'll just stick to the pronoun. So sa, te, ta, ha.

Listen to me once, sa, te, ta, ha. Open your eyes and repeat it with your finger, ka, sa, te, ta, ha, at a distance. So make sure you're pointing at a distance when you're saying that. So ta, te, ta, ha, lovely. And then when we have the nearby, the same thing.

So isha, iti, ita, ha. Close your eyes, isha, iti, ita, ha. Repeat it with me with your fingers, but show it like nearby. So isha, iti, ita, ha, ka, that. One last time, we'll try with the word ending with a, to use the word along or the noun along with the pronoun.

So sa, mahila, which woman, two of them, which two women, ke, mahili, and ka, ha, mahilaha, which many women, ka, ha, mahilaha. The answer, that one woman, sa, mahila, those two women, te, mahili, those many women, ta, ha, mahilaha, nearby. So this one woman, isha, mahilaha, these two ladies, isha, mahilaha, these many women, isha, mahilaha, fantastic. I think you're doing a great job. So just stick with the practice.

I think we'll take a pause with this particular chart at this point, and we'll come back and look at the words ending with the ee.


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