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Season 9 - Episode 15

Pronoun 'You' Formal Chart

15 min - Tutorial
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Anuradha breaks down the 'You' formal chart for the singular, dual, and plural pronouns in Sanskrit.
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May 13, 2016
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Hi there, welcome again and Namaste. In the last few weeks we've been working with the different forms of the pronouns in the third person, singular, dual, plural. By now your brain must be getting a nice massage with all these different varieties of Sanskrit sounds that are entering your system. What we will look at next is the you, but the you formal. The you formal doesn't come directly into the main matrix of the pronouns in the Sanskrit language, but I'll introduce it here because in practice it's a very useful one to be familiar with.

We'll start with the word or the noun that we've already been doing a little bit in the last few sessions. So we'll start with the word Naraha, just to get the singular, dual and the plural in place again. So we have, I've just represented it with the one, the dual and the three plus. So it's the many. So let's talk, let's practice with the word Naraha, one, two of them, Narau, many, Naraha, got that?

Once more Naraha, two Narau, many men, Naraha, great, we'll just take one more word to revise on that. So talking of a spoon, you remember chama, saha. So one spoon, chama, saha, two spoons, chama, sahu, many, chama, saha, a bag, su taha, two, su tau, su taha, lovely. The word for you formal that we have already seen when we had this beautiful conversation between Klaar, Kaha and Alana, the word in masculine was Bhavan, yeah, you formal Bhavan and we did Bhavan, Kaha, yeah, for Klaar, Kaha. So for singular it is Bhavan, Naraha, you are a man, Bhavan, Naraha.

The word Bhavan has the root Bhavat and you will see where that plays when we look at the form in feminine which is Bhavati. So in the masculine it was Bhavan, Klaar, Kaha and when we spoke about Alana it was Bhavati, you Alana, Bhavati, Alana. So the Vaan in Sanskrit wherever you meet it represents the masculine singular doing an action. When it is Bhavati it means the feminine singular doing an action. In itself the suffix, this is an addition that you make to the root form there.

So the suffix Vaan in Sanskrit means one who possesses. So I will just give you another word there, Balavan, we have the word or Satya Vaan. Satya Vaan would mean one who possesses the truth. If it was a lady you would replace the Vaan with the Vati. So it would be Satya Vati, got that?

So now getting back to the pronoun, in the singular it is Bhavan Naraha. When we move into the dual case, the ending to comes into play again. So it is Bhavan Tau. When we spoke of the dual case in the masculine we just had the Tau, Tau Narau, those two, T-W-O Tau Narau. Because of the addition of Vat there it becomes Bhavan Tau Narau, got that?

Bhavan Tau, you two men, formal, Bhavan Tau Narau, you two men. When it becomes the many, it becomes Bhavan Thaha, Bhavan Thaha Naraha. If we had said Bhavan Thaha Naraha, I guess it would be too much. But that's just how the word changes itself. A point to note there is that when we are using the application form of these words, we are really only touching the software of this language, where we are understanding how to apply the different forms of the words.

There is also a hardware part of this language and in that hardware aspect you would learn for example how the root Bhavad transforms itself into Bhavan Thaha. There are very specific rules there. In Sanskrit the most famous well-known grammarian Parnini had codified the entire Sanskrit language into something like 3000 aphorisms and in that he has given very detailed understandings of how words from the root transform themselves to the software application form of the word. So Bhavan in the plural becomes Bhavan Thaha. Can we just repeat it once in the masculine singular, only the pronoun, you formal.

So Bhavan, you formal singular, again Bhavan, you too masculine formal Bhavan Thao, you too formal plural Bhavan Thaha. You want to say that without any interruption on that Bhavan, Bhavan Thao, Bhavan Thaha. Now close your eyes, repeat it for yourself Bhavan, Bhavan Thao, Bhavan Thaha. If you start getting the feel of it you will recognize that you just need to remember the Bhavan and then it is Bhavan Thao, Thao you are already familiar with, plural is a new ending there. So you need to remember Bhavan Thaha.

Now we will combine it with the noun Nara, so think of a man that you respect formally, so you are addressing him, you man, so Bhavan Nara, you too men, Bhavan Thao, Narao, think of many men formal, you many formal men, Bhavan Thaha, Narao, Bhavan Thaha, Narao, Bhavan Thaha, Narao, we say it a last time together, 3 is always a good number to repeat it because they say that we have these 3 categorizations of the world, you have the physical world, you have the occult subtle and you have the spiritual. So anything when it is said thrice seems to correspond to these 3 levels of your own being. So when you are learning something try and say it 3 times, it just gets reinforced and makes it a more integrated learning, alright. So we say it a third time, you can look at it, also have the picture in your mind if you can, one person formal that you are addressing you, Bhavan Narao, 2 of them, Bhavan Thao, Narao, many of you, Bhavan Thaha, Narao, very good, let's move on to the feminine case. So you form a lady is Bhavati and a lady Nari.

We have already done the word Nari in the singular dual and plural, let's just revise it once for ourselves, so we are familiar with that part of the story at least. So we have lady Nari, 2 ladies, Nariyao, fortunately it has the ao in it, so Nariyao, many ladies too much to handle, so Nariyaa, got it, Nari, Nariyao, Nariyaa, great, let's take another word the word bottle for example, kupi, kupyao, kupyaa, once more kupi, kupyao, kupyaa, we talked of Devi earlier, so Devi, devyao, devyaa, once more Devi, devyao, devyaa, very good. Now let's look at the Bhavati, fortunately if you know the e ending words, the word Bhavati just does the same thing, it acts like another word, another noun that ends with the e sound in the feminine, so if it is Devi or Nari, you formal Nari or lady will become Nari, Bhavati, Nari, you, 2 ladies formal Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, so Bhavati with ao becomes Bhavatiyao, Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, again Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, just get the rhythm of it, Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, once last time Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, fantastic, so we move on to the plural, Nari, ladies, remember, the breath out, so Nariyao, many you formal Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, again Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, close your eyes and feel it, Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, brilliant, you are getting it, so now we will just repeat it once so that it is very clear for you, so when it is single it is Bhavati, Nari, once more Bhavati, Nari, close your eyes, one single woman Bhavati, Nari, now two women you formal Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, again Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, again Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, brilliant, the last one plural Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, Bhavatiyao, Nariyao, super, that's really going well now, so with this we have completed the you formal for the masculine, the feminine in the singular, dual and plural, great, join me in the next show where we will do the you informal singular dual plural and the I singular dual plural, so there we are.


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