This episode is part of a course.
Mother Tongue Artwork
Season 9 - Episode 16

Pronoun You Chart

10 min - Tutorial
No comments yet


Anuradha teaches us the informal, 1st person pronouns in Sanskrit.
What You'll Need: No props needed

About This Video

(Pace N/A)
May 13, 2016
(Style N/A)
(Log In to track)
(No Desires)


Read Full Transcript

Namaste Sanskrit lovers, very happy to be back with you as always. So we've been looking at the pronouns, we've done the masculine singular plural dual third person feminine and the neuter. We then looked at the you formal masculine and feminine singular dual plural. The next that we look at is the you informal and this forms part of the normal pronouns that we learn. The you informal root is you shmad, you shmad, that's easy to remember, you shmad.

That you shmad transforms itself in the singular case and becomes thwam, that's when you do an action it is thwam. We had a look at the you formal with Alana, we did it formal and we also saw the informal part of it. So you've already heard the sound thwam before. As you would also remember, the you informal doesn't take the gender, so it's the same for either gender. Unlike the you formal which changes as Bhavan for the masculine and Bhavati for the feminine, the you informal is just thwam.

So thwam nara ha, thwam for nara ha, you man singular and you lady thwam nari, got that? So we'll just quickly once revise through the nara ha, narao nara ha, it's always helpful to have one anchor that you are familiar with. So nara ha singular, narao nara ha many, let's combine that with thwam. For the singular we had thwam nara ha. In the dual, the you comes into play, so it's easy for you to remember.

So we have you vam. So the hint I will give you here is to remember the second part of it which is vam. Like in the third person case, we had the ao, tau, the two, for the you as well as for the I, in the dual case we get this suffix, this second part of it which is vam. So it's you vam, that will indicate to you that's two of you and then in the plural it becomes you yam. So what you need to remember is really the yam but we'll come to that.

Let's practice a little with the you vam. So you vam narao, we already know the word narao well by now. So you vam narao, you two men, you two ladies, you vam naryo, you vam naryo, feel the rhythm, feel the music of that. So say it for the masculine, you vam narao, you vam narao for the feminine, you vam naryo, you vam naryo, great, we'll move on to the plural now. So the plural is that is you yam, you yam, say that you yam, put that emphasis and you feel the, your body will flow with the, so you yam, do that, you yam, that's for you many informal, right?

And then when we combine it with the masculine it's naraa, so you yam naraa, you yam naraa, close your eyes and do it, you yam naraa, very good. Doing it for the ladies, many of them difficult, so remember the breath leaving you nariha, so you yam nariha, you yam nariha, close your eyes, you yam nariha. So what we really need to remember when learning up the informal you is just the forms of the pronoun here which is thwam, you vam, you yam, got that? What you need to remember is the thwam in the singular thwam, in the dual and the plural you need to remember it starts with a you, for the dual it is vam, so you vam and for the many it's you yam, you remember it's very yam yam. So for the you informal as well as for the I that we will see the plural has this yam yam in it, so you vam for two and you yam, we will revise it a last time, you informal singular thwam, dual you vam, you and plural you yam, close your eyes, thwam, you vam, you yam, open your eyes, say it with your fingers, thwam, you vam, you yam, got it?

Let it sink into you as you practice it during the week, we will also add another one of it which is very similar to it which is the first person I but we have I singular, we two and all of us, so we plural, the root of that is a smud, a smud, say that a smud, for the you informal it was yush smud, you will see the pattern there is the mud mud which is common, for the you it's easy to remember because it's yush use, in English the use becomes the yush in Sanskrit, so yush mud and it's a smud, us, the English us, so a smud, now I is aham, that we have already looked at, aham, we had Clark and Alana introducing themselves when they said aham Clark and Alana who said aham Alana and it doesn't really matter regarding the gender, so we have aham na raha for a man and aham na ri for the woman, when we talk of the dual case, the aham becomes a and the dual for the you is vam, just drop that down into the eye as well, so a vam, a vam, say that a vam, great, we will combine it with the nouns, so the word for two men was na rau, say we two men a vam na rau, a vam na rau, last time a vam na rau, great and ladies na ryau, two ladies na ryau, the two of us a vam na ryau, once more a vam na ryau, last time a vam na ryau, great, moving on to the plural now, we have the yum yum, I told you the yum yum, in the Sanskrit we sort of borrow the we or maybe the we has borrowed it from the Sanskrit but it's vayam, it's almost like we um but a little more simple, vayam, vayam na raha, remember the masculine plural na raha, so we men vayam na raha, again vayam na raha, last time vayam na raha and the feminine, we ladies, many ladies na ryaha, vayam na ryaha, vayam na ryaha, in your mind vayam na ryaha, fantastic, so what we will do is revise the pronouns for the first person singular dual plural, so close your eyes think of I one person, aham, yourself aham, then think of you and a very good friend of yours and that you do something together, that you always do something together with, so aham, that's aham and then you think of many of your friends together who do things, maybe practice yoga asanas, maybe go for a picnic, have a nice meal and say vayam, vayam, yeah it's coming, so aham avam vayam, I would just like to link the two now together once that you informal and the I itself and just we'll just say the pronouns in the singular dual and plural, so you just start listening to the rhythm of it, so when you say it in the singular you informal, thwam, two of you, you vam, you yam, plural, I'll say it without an interruption, thwam, you vam, you yam, I singular aham, two of us avam, vayam, plural, once more I aham avam vayam, I'll say the two of them together without any interruption, so you can feel the rhythm that connects them, thwam, you vam, you yam, aham avam vayam, thwam, you vam, you yam, aham avam vayam, last time together thwam, you vam, you yam, aham avam vayam, fantastic you have your mantras ready now just practice them and we look and all enjoy speaking in Sanskrit very soon, namaste


No comments yet. Be the first!

You need to be a subscriber to post a comment.

Please Log In or Create an Account to start your free trial.

Footer Yoga Anytime Logo

Just Show Up

Over 2,900 yoga and meditation practices to bring you Home.

15-Day Free Trial